What information is needed when ordering concrete?

1. Customer’s name and phone number

2. Jobsite address

3. Requested delivery date and time

4. Payment type (on account, cash, check or credit card)

5. What type of concrete mix is needed (brief description of your job i.e. grout, sidewalk, driveway, footing...)

  • What strength (psi) is required
  • Pouring directly from the truck or is a pump needed to reach the jobsite

6. How many yards needed. If multiple loads are needed, what spacing between trucks

7. Any extra products needed (fiber, color, admixtures...)

Is there a minimum load?

The smallest load we will deliver is 2 cubic yards, any order less than 7 cubic yards will include a short load fee.

How is concrete measured?

Concrete is measured by the cubic yard - measuring three feet by three feet by three feet, or 27 cubic feet. One cubic yard of normal concrete will weigh about 4,000 pounds.

Is there an average going price per cubic yard of concrete?

It varies from city to city and region to region. If you are estimating a project, call (607) 432-3400, and we can give you an estimate.

How to protect concrete from freezing?

Several precautions can be taken to protect your concrete from freezing, such as:

  • When placing concrete in cold temperatures, make sure that you order concrete with heated water and/or aggregates so that the temperature of the concrete delivered is at least 50 degrees
  • Use an accelerator, such as calcium chloride, or non-calcium chloride if reinforcing steel is used. This will speed up set time so the concrete achieves 500 psi at a faster pace. Use concrete with higher percentages of Portland cement
  • Pour the concrete at a lower slump to speed up set time
  • Use of insulation on the finished concrete is a must to maintain concrete temperature and to protect against freezing
  • Use insulated blankets or plastic covered with straw to insulate the concrete

What is air-entrained concrete?

Air-entrained concrete contains billions of microscopic air cells per cubic foot. These air pockets relieve internal pressure on the concrete by providing tiny chambers for water to expand into when it freezes. Air-entrained concrete is produced through the use of air-entaining portland cement, or by the introduction of air-entraining agents, under careful engineering supervision as the concrete is mixed on the job.

Why does concrete crack?

Concrete, like all other materials, will slightly change in volume when it dries out. In typical concrete this change amounts to about 500 millionths. Translated into dimensions, this is about 1/16 of an inch in 10 feed ( 4cm in 3 meters). The reason that contractors put joints in concrete pavements and floors is to allow the concrete to crack in a neat, straight line at the joint when the volume of the concrete changes due to shrinkage.

Why test concrete?

Concrete is tested to ensure that the material that was specified and bought is the same material delivered to the job site. There are a dozen different test methods for freshly mixed concrete and at least another dozen tests for hardened concrete, not including test methods unique to organizations like the Army Crops of Engineers, the Federal Highway Administration, and the sate departments of transportation.

How can you tell if you're getting the amount of concrete you're paying for?

The real indicator is the yield, or the actual volume produced based on the actual batch quantities of cement, water and aggregates. The unit weight test can be used to determine the yield of a sample of the ready mixed concrete as delivered. It's a simple calculation that requires the unit weight of all the materials batched. The total weight information may be shown on the delivery ticket or it can be provided by the producer. Many concrete producers actually over yield by about 1/2 percent to make sure they aren't short-changing their customers. But other producers may not even realize that a mix designed for one cubic yard might only produce 26.5 cubic feet or 98 percent of what they designed. 

Why do concrete surfaces flake and spall?

Concrete surfaces can flake or spall for one or more of the following reasons:

In areas of the country that are subjected to freezing and thawing the concrete should be air-entrained to resist flaking and scaling of the surface. If air-entrained concrete is not used, there will be subsequent damage to the surface.

The water/cement ratio should be as low as possible to improve durability of the surface. Too much water in the mix will produce a weaker, less durable concrete that will contribute to early flaking and spalling of the surface. 

The finishing operations should not begin until the water sheen on the surface is gone and excess bleed water on the surface has had a chance to evaporate. If this excess water is worked into the concrete because the finishing operations are begun too soon, the concrete on the surface will have too high a water content and will be weaker and less durable.

What does curing mean?

Curing is one of the most important steps in concrete construction, because proper curing greatly increases concrete strength and durability. Concrete hardens as a result of hydration; the chemical reaction between cement and water. However, hydration occurs only if water is available and if the concrete's temperature stays within a suitable range. During the curing period-from five to seven days, after placement for conventional concrete-the concrete surface needs to be kept moist to permit the hydration process, new concrete can be wet with soaking hoses, sprinklers or covered with wet burlap, or can be coated with commercially available curing compounds, which seal in moisture.

Can it be too hot or too cold to place new concrete?

Temperature extremes make it difficult to properly cure concrete. On hot days, too much water is lost by evaporation from newly placed concrete. If the temperature drops too close to freezing, hydration slows to nearly a standstill. Under these conditions, concrete ceases to gain strength and other desirable properties. In general, the temperature of new concrete should not be allowed to fall below 50 Fahrenheit (10 Celcius) during the curing period.